As some of the dust starts to settle (or not…) on the results of last week’s referendum on the UK’s membership of the EU, I’m clearly not the only environmental writer who’s been thinking day and night about the implications.
Readers of my chapter in Chalk Stream Fly Fishing (2012) may recall that I’m very much in favour of a system of supranational checks and balances on issues as fundamental as the health of the environment which transcends national boundaries yet still supports every aspect of our lives. When properly implemented into national law, the EU’s environmental directives have proved an excellent mechanism for identifying objective benefits, turning short-term political footballs into helpful long-term strategies, and keeping national governments honest, on both sides of the political spectrum.
For instance, the Water Framework Directive has enabled the clear public benefit of healthy rivers (and bugs, and birds, and fish) to be enshrined in UK law, with deadlines for meeting measurable quality improvements, and fines for not achieving these. It also mandates active involvement of stakeholders, and has given interested NGOs the right to challenge government for not taking these requirements seriously enough in their River Basin Management Plans. This has already resulted in several rounds of small but significant government funding for third sector organisations, mainly Rivers Trusts and Wildlife Trusts, to deliver river-related improvements with very high cost efficiencies in every catchment in the UK.
In these new times of great uncertainty, almost the only sure bet is that environmental issues and ecosystem services won’t be at the top of most politicians’ to-do lists or budget spreadsheets. Yet, now more than ever, the natural world really does matter. It will underpin every part of our future national policies – on farming, flood defence, clean air and water supplies, even religious and cultural inspiration – for generations to come. And it’s our responsibility to make sure that this message is heard.
So, leaving personal shock aside, what can we do as calm environmental professionals to help a smoother transition into the brave new world of post-Brexit Britain? I’ve started compiling this short aide-memoire of my own, and hope to add to it as our situation becomes clearer and our national conversation develops…
1: Be clear that environmental protection must remain enshrined in law
As Tony Juniper wrote before the referendum, EU directives have created the context for most of the UK’s most valuable environmental protections.
SSSIs, SACs, the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) and recent regulations on the sale and import of invasive non-native species – all of these (and many more) provide clear benefits for everyone in our society and transnational ecosystem. As environmentalists, we must be very clear in our messaging to our elected representatives that WFD and other targets should be remain in place. Existing high standards of protection should be retained, enhanced (indeed perhaps shadowing future best practice as the EU’s environmental regulations continue to develop) and certainly not discarded as ‘green crap’ in some future cost-saving ‘bonfire of the directives’.
- Tony Juniper: Europe, the environment, and the smell of 1973
- Mark Lloyd: What does the EU referendum mean for fish, fishing and much more?
2: Maintain the Catchment Based Approach to river management
Our natural world knows no political borders – indeed the transnational nature of great European rivers like the Rhine and Danube provided the inspiration for many of the EU’s highest environmental standards.
Here in the UK, the Catchment Based Approach has proved to be a practical and intuitive framework for managing the health not just of our waterways, but all our urban and rural surroundings. As a grassroots mechanism for delivering the Water Framework Directive, it empowers local stakeholders to take real ownership of the health of the places where they live. So this highly democratic partnership working has already harnessed startling reserves of local support and goodwill, producing tangible results year on year.
As the terms of Brexit take shape, river restorationists must ask Defra and the Environment Agency to commit to the future of local catchment partnerships, with secure long-term funding to enable cost-effective management of flooding, invasive non-native species, healthy soils and many other urgent issues. Failure to maintain this strategic investment in our river catchments will almost certainly prove to be a false economy in a world where the effects of climate change are already becoming clear. As many commentators have rightly pointed out, it’s exponentially cheaper to invest in a healthy environment now, than to have to pay for picking up the pieces when everything goes wrong at some inconvenient time in the future.
- Laurence Couldrick, WRT: Moving forward as one
- WaterLIFE: Enhancing the impact of local community groups through catchment partnerships
3: Devise robust new environmental mechanisms for the future
It’s true to say that not all European legislation has resulted in the best possible outcomes – Common Agricultural Policy subsidies, for example, a situation which George Monbiot has addressed in this article, among many others. Similarly, as S&TC’s recent work on aquatic invertebrates has shown, SSSI and SAC designation has spectacularly failed to protect the health of some of our most iconic rivers (if you can find more freshwater shrimp in the urban Wandle than the rural upper Itchen, something has clearly gone badly wrong).
Despite the risks, Brexit could provide us with an astonishing chance to examine our whole suite of environmental funding and designation mechanisms for fitness for purpose, and perhaps enhance or revision them with even better approaches for the future (for instance, the principles of rewilding could offer real economic benefits).
If properly handled, there’s every chance that this could represent an incredible creative opportunity – an inspiring new hope for our common environment, and a possibility which we must all be prepared to grasp.
- S&TC’s Riverfly Census
- Wildlife and Countryside Link: The UK Government’s 25 Year Plan for Nature
- Rory Stewart: Realism, humility, honesty, confidence and identity (a new land ethic for post-Brexit Britain?) (Full Hansard report here)
At the time of writing, it seems unlikely that the crucial Article 50 will be invoked before a new Prime Minister takes office in the autumn – but that doesn’t mean that the next few months should be a period of limbo.
On the contrary, environmental NGOs and concerned citizens alike must start positioning themselves to ensure that the natural world takes its rightfully central place in negotiations about the future of our country.
Because as the dust settles (or not…) one thing is certain: sometime, somehow, a new environmental settlement will also eventually be needed.
(Photo: South East Rivers Trust)